Useful Acronyms

Acronym Definition
3 Rs replace, refine, reduce
AAALAC Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care
AALAS American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
ACLAM American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
AE Adverse Event
ACUP Animal Care and Use Protocol/Program
Ag Guide Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching
AMP Americans for Medical Progress
ANSI American National Standards Institute
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
AV Attending Veterinarian
AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association
AWA Animal Welfare Act
AWIC Animal Welfare Information Center
AWR Animal Welfare Regulations
Bid Twice per day
BMBL Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories
BSC biological safety cabinet
BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy
BSL Biosafety Level
CBC complete blood count
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CITI Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative
COI Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DF Defined Flora
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOR Division of Research
DR Designated Review (of a protocol)
ECG/EKG Electrocardiogram
EH&S Environmental Health and Safety
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ES cells Embryonic Stem Cells
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FWA Federal Wide Assurance
FWS Fish and Wildlife Service
GLP Good Laboratory Practices
Guide Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
HEPA High-efficiency particulate air filtration
HHS Health and Human Services
HSUS Human Society of the United States
HVAC Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
IACUC Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
IBC Institutional Biosafety Committee
ILAR Institute of Laboratory Animal Research
IM Intramuscular
IO Institutional Official
IP Intraperitoneal
IRB Institutional Review Board
IV Intravenous
IVC Individually ventilated caging
MTA Material Transfer Agreement
NABR National Association for Biomedical Research
NAM Non-affiliated member (of the IACUC)
NCI National Cancer Institute
NHP Nonhuman primate
NIH National Institutes of Health
NPO Nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NRC National Research Council
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSF National Science Foundation
OLAW Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare
ORED Office of Research and Economic Development
ORI Office of Research Integrity
PAPR Powered air purifying respirator
PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PHS Public Health Service
PI Principal Investigator
PPE Personal Protective equipment
PRIM&R Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research
RCR Responsible Conduct of Research
RO Reverse osmosis
SC/SQ subcutaneous
SCAW Scientists Center for Animal Welfare
Sid Once per day
SOP Standard Operating Procedures
SPF Specific pathogen-free
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
UV ultraviolet